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Improved Photocatalytic Properties of NiS Nanocomposites Prepared by Displacement Method for Removal of Rose Bengal Dye

[ Vol. 2 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Amanullakhan A. Pathan*, Kavita R. Desai and Chandra P. Bhasin   Pages 169 - 176 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Objective: The present work describes NiS nanoparticles were prepared by chemical displacement method using CTAB as a stabilizer.

Method: For the source of Sulfide ion, we used thioacetamide as fuel and nickel nitrate as metal salt. NiS nanoparticles are p-type semiconductor. Band gap of NiS is 0.5- 0.6 eV and also reported to be a good photo catalyst in the degradation of pollutants. The structural, morphological, metal percentage and optical properties of as synthesized nanoparticles are investigated by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), UV-Visible spectra; Field emission gun scanning electron microscopy (FEG-SEM) with EDS, Fourier transforms infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) and Photoluminescence spectroscopy (PL).

Results: The x-ray diffraction patterns revealed that the particles exhibited a crystal structure at the suitable temperature. The average particle size of the nanoparticles from the X-ray diffraction is about 22.8 nm and also Field emission gun scanning electron microscopy shows good morphology and exhibited clearly hexagonal shape.

Conclusion: The Transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM) shows the crystalline size of structures is 22 nm. Further, the Photocatalytic activity of Synthesized NiS nanoparticles was investigated by photo catalytic removal of Rose Bengal as a model of organic pollutant. It shows good photocatalytic activity against Rose Bengal dye (98.1%).

Keywords:

Nanoparticles, nickel sulfide, XRD, FTIR, UV-Vis, FEG-SEM, EDAX, HR-TEM.

Affiliation:

Department of Chemistry, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Patan- 384265, Department of Chemistry, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Patan- 384265, Department of Chemistry, Hemchandracharya North Gujarat University, Patan- 384265

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